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高中英语必考动词短语及100 条重点句型,建议熟记!

时间:2019-05-05 10:15:40来源:高考帮 BOB体育彩票平台高考

英语考试中,想必大家在看得懂单词的情况下,却不会翻译一个完整句子,甚至猜出的意思与原句恰恰相反。

究其原因,不同单词组成的动词短语的意思各不相同,对动词短语搭配、重点句型掌握的不够牢靠,而导致此种情况。

英语短语、重点句型是英语学习的主要板块之一,也是构成句子的核心要素。

所以只有不断的积累与记忆,掌握地越丰富越牢靠,成绩才会突飞猛进。

170 个重点短语

由 be 构成的词组

1. be back / in / out 回来;在家;外出

2. be at home / work 在家;上班

3. be good at 善于;擅长于

4. be careful of 当心;注意;仔细

5. be covered with 被……覆盖

6. be ready for 为……做好准备

7. be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶

8. be interested in 对……感兴趣

9. be born 出生

10. be on 在进行,在上演

11. be able to do sth 能够做……

12. be afraid of (to do sth) 害怕做某事

13. be angry with sb 生(某人)的气

14. be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意)

15. be famous for 以……而著名

16. be strict in (with) 严格要求

17. be from 来自……

18. be hungry / thirsty / tired 饿了;口渴;疲惫

19. be worried 担忧

20. be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做……

21. be covered with 被……所覆盖……

22. be in (great) need of (很)需要

23. be in trouble 处于困境中

24. be glad to do sth 很高兴做某事

25. be late for…… 迟到

26. be made of (from) 由……制成

27. be satisfied with 对……感到满意

28. be free 空闲的

29. be (ill) in bed 卧病在床

30. be busy doing (with) 忙于做某事

由 come 构成的词组

  1. come back 回来

  2. come down 下来

  3. come in 进入;进来

  4. come on 快;走吧;跟我来

  5. come out 出来

  6. come out of 从……出来

  7. come up 上来

  8. come from 来自……

由 do 构成的词组

  1. do one's lessons / homework 做功课

  2. do more speaking / reading 多做口头练习;朗读

  3. do one's best 尽最大的努力做某事

  4. do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning) 买东西(做饭菜;读点书;大扫除)

  5. do a good deed (good deeds) 做好事

  6. do morning exercises 做早操

  7. do eye exercises 做眼保健操

由 give 构成的词组

  1. give… sth advice on 给……一些忠告

  2. give lessons to 给……上课

  3. give in 屈服

  4. give up 放弃

  5. give sb a chance 给……一次机会

  6. give a message to 给……一个口信

由 go 构成的词组

  1. go ahead 先走;向前走

  2. do to the cinema 看电影

  3. go to bed 睡觉 (make the bed 整理床铺)

  4. go to school (college) 上学

  5. go to (the) hospital 去医院看病

  6. go over 复习

  7. go round 顺便去,绕道走

  8. go up 上去

  9. go out for a walk 外出散步

  10. go on (doing) 继续做某事

  11. go on with one's work 继续某人的工作

  12. go upstairs / downstairs 上、下楼

由 have 构成的词组

  1. have a lesson (lessons) / a meeting 上课;开会

  2. have a football match (basketball match) 举行一场足球、篮球赛

  3. have dictation 听见

  4. have a try 试一试

  5. have a good / wonderful time 玩得很开心

  6. have a lecture ( a piano concert ) 听讲座

  7. have a report ( talk ) on 听一个关于……的报告

  8. have a glass of water ( a cup of tea ) 喝一杯水

  9. have breakfast / lunch / supper 吃早饭;午饭;晚饭

  10. have a meal ( three meals ) 吃一顿饭

11. have a dinner 吃正餐

12. have bread and milk for breakfast 早饭吃面包和牛奶

13. have a headache 头痛

14. have a fever 发烧

15. have a cough 咳嗽

16. have a look 看一看

17. have a rest ( a break ) 休息一会

18. have a talk 谈话

19. have a swim / walk 游泳;散步

20. have sports 进行体育锻炼

21. have a sports meet (meeting) 开运动会

22. have something done 请人做某事

23. have a test / an exam 测试;考验

25. have an idea 有了个主意

26. had better do sth 最好做某事

27. have a word with 与……谈几句话

由 help, keep 引导的词组

  1. help sb with sth / help sb do sth 在……方面帮助;帮助某人做某事

  2. help oneself to some chicken / fish / meat 请随便吃

  3. help each other 互相帮助

  4. keep up with 跟上……

  5. keep silent / quite 保持沉默

  6. keep sb doing sth 使……一直做……

  7. keep one's diary 记日记

由 make 引导的词组

  1. make a noise 制造噪音

  2. make a living 谋生

  3. make sb do sth 迫使某人做……

  4. make faces 做鬼脸

  5. make friends 与……交朋友

  6. make a mistake 犯错误

  7. make room / space for 给……腾出地方

  8. make a sentence with 用……造句

  9. make a fire 生火

由 be、make 引导的词组

  1. be made from / of 由……制成

  2. be made in 在……地方制造

  3. look out of (outside) 往外看

  4. look up a word (in the dictionary) 查字典

  5. look up 往上看

  6. look after 照管;照看;照顾

  7. look for 寻找

  8. look like 看上去像

  9. look fine / well / tired / worried 看起来气色好;健康;疲劳;忧郁

  10. look out 当心

  11. look on…as… 把……当作……来看待

  12. look around 朝四周看

  13. look at 看着……

由 put 引导的词组

  1. put on 穿上

  2. put up 建造;搭起,挂起,举起,张贴

  3. put into 使进入,输入

  4. put one's heart into 全神贯注于……

  5. put…down… 把……放下

  6. put…into… 把……译成

由 set、send 引导的词组

  1. set up 竖起,建起

  2. set off 出发,动身

  3. set out 出发

  4. set an example for 为……树立榜样

  5. send for 派人去请

  6. sent out 放出,发出

  7. sent up 发射

由 take 引导的词组

  1. take one's advice 听从某人劝告

  2. take out 拿出;取出

  3. take down 拿下

  4. take place 发生

  5. take one's place 代替某人的职务

  6. take the place of 代替……

  7. take a walk / rest 散步;休息

  8. take it easy 别紧张

  9. take sth with sb 随身携带

  10. take sb to a park 带某人去公园

11. take care of 关心;照顾;保管

12. take a look at 看一看

13. take an exam 参加考试

14. take away 拿走

15. take back 收回,带回

16. take hold of 抓住……

17. take off 脱下

18. take part in 积极参加活动

19. take photos 拍照

20. take some medicine 服药

21. take a bus 乘车

由 turn、play 引导的词组

  1. turn on 开灯

  2. turn off 关灯

  3. turn in 交出;上交

  4. turn into 变成

  5. turn to 翻到;转向

  6. turn down 把音量调低

  7. turn over 把……翻过来

  8. play basketball 打篮球

  9. play games 做游戏

  10. play the piano 弹钢琴

  11. play with snow 玩雪

  12. play a joke on 对……开玩笑

由其他动词构成的词组

  1. think over 仔细考虑

  2. arrive at / in a place 达到某处

  3. eat up 吃完;吃光

  4. do well in 在……做得好

  5. enjoy doing sth / like doing sth 喜欢做某事

  6. find out 发现,查出

  7. finish off 吃完,喝完

  8. stop doing sth 停止做某事

  9. stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

  10. hold a meeting 举行会议

  11. hold up 举起

  12. hurry up 赶快,快点

  13. enter for 报名参加

  14. laugh at 嘲笑

  15. be used to 习惯于

  16. used to 过去常常

  17. wake up 唤醒

  18. work out 算出

① put down 放下 / shut down 把…关上 / cut down 砍掉 / come down下来 / 落下slow down 减缓、放慢 / sit down坐下 / write down写下 / get down 下来,降落

② after all 毕竟.终究 / after that 于是、然后 / day after day 日复一日地 / one after another 相继、挨次 / soon after 不久以后 / the day after tomorrow 后天 / name after 根据……命名 / run after 追赶

③ come up with找到、提出、赶上 / catch/keep up with赶上 / wake up 弄醒、醒来 / send up 发射 / open up 开设、开办 / grow up长大 / pick up拾起、捡起 / hands up举手 / eat up 吃光 / clean up打扫干净 / give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事

④ arrive at/in + n. (地方)=get to +n. (地方)=reach + n. (地方)=arrive / get +adv. (地方)

⑤ get…back 退还,送回去.取回 / give back 归还 / come back 回来 / at the back of 在…的后面 / on the way (back)home 在回家路上

100 句重点句型

1. welcome to sp 欢迎到某地

Eg. Welcome to China.

2. What's the matter with sb. / sth? 出什么毛病了?

Eg. What's the matter with your watch?

3. be different from 与......不同

Eg. The weather in Beijing is different from that of Nanjing.

4.be the same as 与……相同

Eg. His trousers are the same as mine.

5. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

Eg. Mr. Wang is very friendly to us.

6. want to do sth. 想做某事

Eg. I want to go to school.

7. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

Eg. I want my son to go to school.

8. what to do 做什么

Eg. We don't know what to do next.

9. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

Eg. Let him enter the room.

10. let sb. not do sth. 让某人不做某人

Eg. Let him not stand in the rain.

11. why don't you do sth?

怎么不做某事呢?

Eg. Why don't you play football with us?

12. why not do sth.? 怎么不做某事呢?

Eg. Why not play football with us?

13.make sb. sth. 为某人制造某物

Eg. My father made me a kite.

14. make sth for sb. 为某人制造某物

Eg. My father made a kite for me.

15.What …mean by …? 做……是什么意思?

Eg. What do you mean by doing that?

16. like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

Eg. Jim likes swimming.

17. like to do sth. 喜欢做某事

Eg. He doesn't like to swim now.

18. feel like doing sth. 想做某事

Eg. I feel like eating bananas.

19.would like to do sth. 愿意做某事

Eg. Would you like to go rowing with me?

20.would like sb. to do sth. 愿意某人做某事

Eg. I’d like you to stay with me tonight.

21. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

Eg. His brother often makes him stay in the sun.

22.let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

Eg. Let me sing a song for you.

23. have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

Eg. You shouldn't have the students work so hard.

24. be far from sp 离某地远

Eg. His school is far from his home.

25. be near to sp 离某地近

Eg. The hospital is near to the post office.

26.be good at sth. / doing sth. 擅长某事/做某事

Eg.They are good at boating.

27. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花多少时间做某事

Eg. It took me more than a year to learn to draw a beautiful horse in five minutes.

28. sb. spends some time / money (in) doing sth. 某人花多少时间做某事

Eg. I spent twenty years in writing the novel.

29. sb. spends some time / money on sth. 某事花了某人多少时间/金钱

Eg. Jim spent 1000 yuan on the bike.

30. sth. costs sb. some money. 某物花了某人多少钱

Eg. The bike cost Jim 1000 yuan.

31.sb. pays some money for sth. 某人为某物付了多少钱

Eg. Jim paid 1000 yuan for the bike.

32. begin / start with sth. 开始做某事

Eg. The started the meeting with a song.

33. be going to do sth. 打算做某事

Eg. We are going to study in Japan.

34. call A B 叫 A B

Eg. They called the village Gumtree.

35. thank sb. for sth./doing sth. 感谢某人做某事

Eg. Thank you for your help.

36. What ……for? 为什么

Eg. What do you learn English for?

37. How/ what about doing sth.?做某事怎么样?

Eg. How about going fishing?

38. Sb +be+ the+最高级+of/in短语

Eg. Lucy is the tallest in her class.

39. Sb + be +比较级+than any other + n.

Eg. Lucy is taller than any other student in her class.

40. have to do sth. 不得不做某事

Eg. I have to go home now.

41. had better do sth. 最好做某事

Eg. You'd better study hard at English.

42. had better not do sth. 最好别做某事

Eg. You'd better not stay up.

43.help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

Eg. Lucy often helps Lily to wash her clothes.

44. help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做某事

Eg. He usually helps me learn English.

45. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

Eg. I sometimes help my mother with

46. the housework make it +时间 把时间定在几点

Eg. Let's make it 8:30.

47.take sb. to sp 带某人到某地

Eg. Mr. Wang will take us to the Summer Palace next Sunday.

49.have nothing to do (with sb) 与某人没有关系

Eg. That has nothing to do with me.

50. 主语+ don't think + 从句 认为……不……

Eg. I don't think it will rain tomorrow.

51. It's + adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说怎么样

Eg. It is lucky for you to go to London.

52. How + adj / adv + 主+ 谓!多么……啊!

Eg. How beautiful the flower is!

53. what + a / an + adj + n + 主+ 谓!

Eg. What an beautiful flower it is!

54. What + adj+ pl. / [u] +主+ 谓!

Eg. What bad weather it is today!

55. find it + adj+ to do sth. 发现做某事如何

Eg. I find it hard to speak English well!

56. ask sb. for sth. 向某人要某物

Eg. They often ask me for money.

57. need to do sth. 需要做某事

Eg. You need to study hard.

58. need sth 需要某物

Eg. I don't need your money.

59. use A to do B 用A来做B

Eg. We use pens to write.

60. show sb. sth 给某人看某物

Eg. Please show me the map.

61. show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看

Eg. Please show the map to me.

62. pass sb. sth. 把某物递给某人

Eg. Pass me the cup of tea.

63. pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

Eg. Pass the cup of tea to me.

64. buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

Eg. Mother bought me a bike.

65. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

Eg. Mother bought a bike for me.

66. give sb. sth 把某物给某人

Eg. Jim gave me an English dictionary.

67. give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人

Eg. Jim gave an English dictionary to me.

68. get to sp 达到某地

Eg. I got to Beijing on the morning of May 1st.

69. arrive at / in sp 达到某地

Eg. I arrived in Beijing on the morning of May 1st.

70. reach sp 到达某地

Eg. I reached Beijing on the morning of May 1st.

71. hope to do sth. 希望某人做某事

Eg. I hope to see you soon.

72. there is sth. wrong with sth. / sb. 某物 / 某人出什么状况了

Eg. There is something wrong my car.

73. sth. is wrong with … 某物出什么毛病了

Eg. Something is wrong with my car.

74.How do you like sth? 你认为……怎么样?

Eg. How do you like Beijing?

75.What do you think of sth.? 你认为……怎么样?

Eg. What do you think of Beijing?

76. start doing sth. 开始做某事

Eg. I started learning English in 1983.

77. start to do sth. 开始做某事

Eg. I started to watch TV after finishing my homework.

78.finish doing sth. 完成作某事

Eg. I finished cleaning my car just now.

79. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

Eg. They all enjoy living and working in China.

80.What / when / where / who / something / anything / nothing else …… 别的什么/何时/何地/谁……

① What else do you want to buy?

② Where else have you gone?

③ Who else have you played with?

④ I have nothing else to tell you.

⑤ Would you like something else?

81. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事了(已做)

Eg. I forgot turning off the lights. Look, it is dark in the room.

82. forget to do sth. 忘了做某事了(未做)

Eg. I forgot to turn off the lights. Could you go back and shut the off?

83. remember doing sth. 记得做过某事了(已做)

Eg. I remembered returning your money. You are so forgetful.

84. remember to do sth. 记住去做某事(未做)

Eg. Remember to bring me some money. I've run out of it.

85.stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事

Eg. He stopped to talk with Mary when she enter the office.

86. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

Eg. The students stopped talking when the teachet came in.

87. watch / see / hear sb. do sth. 观看/看见/听见某人做了某事(全过程)

Eg. I saw you pick an apple just now.

88. watch / see / hear sb. doing sth. 观看/看见/听见某人正在做某事(点动作)

Eg. I saw you playing basketball with your classmates on the playground last Sunday.

89. go on doing sth. 继续作某事

Eg. He went on reading after a short rest.

90. go on to do sth. 继续作某事

Eg. He went on to read after finishing wash the dishes.

91. go on with sth. 继续某事

Eg. He went on with his work after a short rest.

92. say hello / goodbye to sb. 向某人告别

Eg.I came to say good-bye to you.

93. be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

Eg. They are busy planting trees on the hill.

94. be interested in sth. 对某事感兴趣

Eg. English is very interesting. We are all interested in it.

95. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

Eg. Mother told me to go shopping with her.

96.ask sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

Eg. Jim ask me to go rowing with him.

97. call / ring sb. up 给某人打电话

Eg. I will call you up tommow.

98. be ready to do sth. 准备做某事

Eg. We are ready to have lunch.

99.go doing sth. 去做某事

Eg. Let's go fishing.

100. prefer A / doing A to B / doing B 比起A / 做A,更喜欢B / 做B

Eg. Lucy prefers English to French. I prefer staying at home to going to the cinema